What is mycotherapy?

Documented in the Far East several centuries before our era, REISHI is considered there as "the mushroom of immortality" and as being one of the 10 most effective natural therapeutic substances. It exerts a general stimulus on the whole of the organism while modulating its effects according to the person thanks to its adaptogenic character. ( 1 ) ( 2 )

  • Thanks to the presence in number of beta-glucans, it has an important stimulating effect of regulation of the immune system which it tends to stimulate in case of insufficiency and to moderate in case of disproportionate reaction (as in the case of an allergy) ( 3 ) ( 4 )

  • It therefore acts as an anti-histamine ( 5 )

  • It has a sedative and inhibitory action on the central nervous system ( 6 )

  • It has a toning and regulating action on the heart (anti-arrhythmic) ( 7 )

  • It has excellent anti-inflammatory properties comparable to cortisol ( 8 )

  • It works as a method of preventing viral infections ( 9 ) ( 10 )

  • Reishi helps fight against asthenia and neurasthenia (general fatigue) ( 11 ) ( 12 )

  • It acts on the endogenous cholesterol level. ( 13 )

 The Reishi, a fungus that does good to the body and the mind! 

REISHI is an incredible bioaccumulator which synthesizes and contains many bioactive molecules:

  • Triterpenes: These are mainly responsible for the adaptogenic properties of the fungus (general stimulus throughout the body with modulation of reactions depending on the person) 

  • A large amount of beta-glucans (type A, C and D) which stimulate the immune system and marcophagic action; 

  • Numerous polysaccharides and hetero-polysaccharides 

  • Peptidoglycans 

  • Minerals (Iron, Zinc, Manganese, Magnesium, Potassium, Gemanium, Calcium) 

  • Group B vitamins (especially vitamin B9) 

  • 17 amino acids (including all essentials) 

  • Sterol 

  • Adenosines (nucleoside released by neurons) and guanosine (also nucleoside) with anti-platelet effect, muscle relaxant and sedative of the CNS 

  • Hepatoprotectors that protect the vital functions of the liver 

  • Antihypertensive used against high blood pressure 

  • Cholesterol-lowering drugs that tend to decrease the amount of fat) 

  • ACE inhibitor (Ganedorl B) 

  • Anti-aggregating S

REFERENCES: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16905165

Shiitake is a mushroom from the Far East used as a remedy for various diseases for more than 2000 years.

  • It has an immunomodulatory effect by acting on macrophages and the production of interleukins ( 1 )

  • The Shiitake contains multivitamins and multiminerals ( 2 ) ( 3 )

  • It is used to nourish and strengthen the nervous system (3)

  • This fungus contains trehalose disaccharide, a slow-digesting sugar that increases the development of Bifidobacterium brevis and lactobacillus brevis strains in the colon, improving the intestinal microflora (4)

  • Shiitake is a bactericide and alkalizer effective against the bacterium Helicobacter pylori (5)

  • Shiitake is a natural source of ergosterol (precursor of vitamin D)   (6) 

  • It regulates the level of fatty acids in the blood ( 7 )

  • It improves blood circulation which reduces total cholesterol and increases HDL levels ( 8

  • It prevents atherosclerosis (loss of elasticity of the arteries) by eliminating from the vessels the elements which cause the formation of atherosclerotic plaque (i.e. the plaque that clogs the artery) ( 9 )

  • It has a hepatoprotective effect which improves liver function in the treatment of hepatitis B ( 10

  • Rich in chitin (polysaccharide), it promotes the increase and expulsion of bile which facilitates digestion (11)

The Shiitake contains: 

  • Choline: essential nutrient classified in the class of vitamins D, choline promotes the synthesis of neurotransmitters, participates in lipid metabolism and the elimination of fats, contributes to the protection of the liver and the prevention of cardiovascular diseases (12 )  

  • Eritadenine: A cholesterol-lowering substance (that is, one that lowers the level of lipids in the blood) ( 13 )

The Maitake, whose scientific name is Grifolas frondosa, is also called the Dancing Mushroom. 

  • It acts as a natural regulator of lipid metabolism by preventing the accumulation of fats in the liver ( 1

  • Reduces cholesterol in the blood by maintaining a constant level of HDL ( 2

  • It incorporates tyrosinase (enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of phenols and the production of melanin) ( 3

  • Maïtake is a precursor of coenzyme Q10: coenzyme present in all cells of the human body which is involved in cellular respiration 

  • It contains a polysaccharide fraction with a unique structure with an essential immunomodulatory action which acts on ( 4 ): 

    • Macrophages 

    • NK cells (natural killer)

    • Lymphocytes

  • Maïtake increases T lymphocytes ( 5

  • It increases the rate of interleukin ( 6 )

  • It increases lymphokines ( 6 )

  • The Maïtake includes beta-glucans, vitamin B1, B2, ergosterol (precursor of vitamin D), essential amino acids and minerals like magnesium, phosphorus or potassium ( 7)

This mushroom offers a wide variety of nutrients and fiber which allows it to improve the state of gastric and intestinal tissues.

  • It promotes the regulation of native bacterial flora ( 1 )

  • It contributes to the maintenance and strengthening of the immune system ( 2 )

  • It contains Gingerols (spicy spices) ( 1 ), a substance with a fairly powerful anti-inflammatory effect ( 2 )

  • It is used as a digestive stimulant ( 3

  • It acts as a carminative (it promotes the expulsion of intestinal gases while reducing their production) (4)

  • Antiemetic (i.e. it acts against vomiting and nausea) ( 5 )

  • It stimulates the secretion of saliva and gastric juices 

  • It stimulates lipase activity 

  • It stimulates disaccharides, sucroses and maltoses  

  • It has a collagen action 

  • It increases bile secretion 

  • It increases the tone of the intestinal muscles 

  • It activates peristalsis (the set of muscle contractions to move food from the mouth to the rectum) 

  • It accelerates gastric processes and gastrointestinal activity

  • It is indicated for the treatment of spasmodic disorders (bowel disorders that are accompanied by pain) such as bloating and flatulence. 

The Lion's Mane is a rare mushroom, it most often grows on chestnut, oak, beech or walnut trees. Its name derives from the shape of its prolific body at the level of the tubes, similar to the mane of a lion.

  • It allows the regeneration of the tissues of the digestive system  

  • It is used to fight against gastrointestinal disorders by a regenerative action of the mucous membranes ( 1 )  

  • It regenerates the intestinal epithelium, preventing its deterioration, renewing it and avoiding the formation of ulcers and scar tissue 

  • It regenerates myelin and synapses thanks to the presence of Ericenones and Erinacines (substance produced by the Lion's Mane) which act as an agent in the promotion of NGF (nerve growth factor) ( 2 )  

  • When ingested, the Lion's Mane increases the secretion of nerve growth factor (NGF), necessary for the proliferation and growth of neurons ( 3

  • Lion's Mane contains therapeutic properties based on its ability to regenerate the central nervous system which is suitable for people suffering from anxiety or chronic stress ( 4 ), ( 5)

  • It is indicated in the treatment of various digestive pathologies 

  • This fungus fights gastric and duodenal ulcers ( 6 )

  • It is used in case of heartburn 

  • The Lion's Mane is recommended in case of chronic inflammation of the digestive mucous membranes including side effects of chemotherapy and radiotherapy 

  • Ulcerative colitis which is an inflammatory bowel disease that leads to inflammation and the formation of lesions in the walls of the rectum and large intestine ( 7 )

  • It also stimulates myelination (the production of myelin sheaths); 

  • The lion's mane slightly inhibits ACE (angiotensin converting enzyme: a vasoconstrictor that reduces the size of arteries), which lowers blood pressure a little. 

A study in postmenopausal women demonstrated the ability of this fungus to reduce the rate of depression and anxiety. 

Passionflower (Passiflora incarnata L.) is a plant that contains flavonoids with anxiolytic, tranquilizing and spasmolytic effects (it helps fight muscle spasms). 

Official authorities highlight the usefulness of this medicine, based on traditional use to relieve mild symptoms of mental stress ( 1 ) and to help sleep ( 2 ). It is also indicated in case of agitation and irritability ( 3 ).

Contraindications:

  • Drowsiness can reduce the ability to drive and handle machines. It is advisable to avoid its concomitant administration with synthetic tranquilizers like benzodiazepines unless it is administered under medical supervision.71850288_550455255765850_733028864764569

Withania or Ashwaganda root contains witanolides with adaptogenic, anti-inflammatory, relaxing and antispasmodic effects at different levels.

  • It is considered a nervous sedative (calms and soothes the brain), used to treat anxiety (physiological and psychological state), nervous hyper-excitability, asthenia (fatigue of the body) and mild hypertension (pressure too high) as well as a complementary therapy to chemotherapy and radiotherapy ( 1 ); 

  • Different randomized, placebo-controlled studies have shown that Withania significantly reduces stress and also shows a significant improvement on the Hamilton scale against anxiety. These studies have also shown that Withania improves cognitive and psychomotor performance.

  • Due to its sedative or even hypnotic action, depending on the dosage, its use is not recommended with anxiolytics such as benzodiazepines.

Bacopa Monnieri is a herbaceous plant that comes from the marshy cultures of Southeast Asia, thanks to the presence of bacosides ( 1 ) (triterpene molecules that have an effect on cells). 

This antioxidant species ( 2 ) has been traditionally used for: 

  • Boost memory 

  • Cognitive skills ( 3

  • Brain health ( 5 )

These strengths improve long-term memory and learning ability. Several studies have revealed the property that Bacopa helps reduce deposits of beta-amyloid protein ( 4 ), ( 5 ) (which is a protein that is harmful to the central nervous system).

Indeed, the aggregation of these peptides in the brain causes the formation of free radicals which cause oxidative stress responsible for neuronal damage.

In addition, Bacopa is able to promote an indirect increase in the release of acetylcholine (very important neurotransmitter involved in learning and memory but also in other functions of the human body), thanks to the ability to regulate activity of the acetylcholinesterase enzyme (ACHe) - activity which degrades acetycholine. ( 6 )